How Many Eggs Does a Dove Lay? Prepare to Be Amazed!

Bookmark & Share it for Future Reference!

Have you ever wondered how many eggs doves lay? Well, you’re not alone! Many people are curious about this topic, and the answer may amaze you. In this article, we’ll explore the different egg-laying habits of doves, including how many eggs they typically lay and the factors affecting them. Read on to learn more about the fascinating reproductive habits of these beautiful birds. 

How many eggs does a Dove lay at a time?

On average, doves lay two eggs in a single clutch. However, the exact number of eggs laid can vary based on factors such as the age and health of the dove. The number of eggs laid by doves varies, with some laying just one and others producing up to four in some instances.

The eggs are typically incubated for two weeks before they hatch. Both the male and female doves take turns incubating the eggs.

How often do doves lay eggs?

The actual frequency of egg-laying by doves is difficult to determine since it varies according to species and geographic location. Doves have many mating seasons each year, with each season producing one or two egg clutches. They breed all year in certain southern areas. Mourning doves have around three broods every year in the East and Midwest.

What to do when a dove lays eggs?

When you come upon a dove’s nest, leaving the dove and her young is preferable so the parents can take care of the eggs and chicks. Doves are very possessive of their young and would fight to safeguard their eggs. A wildlife rehabilitator or local animal rescue group may guide you on what to do if the eggs are in a dangerous place or the parents aren’t caring for them. In most cases, it’s preferable to let the doves nurture their young without interfering with nature.

How long it takes for Dove eggs to hatch?

A dove egg takes roughly two weeks to hatch and develop into a squab.

It takes both the male and female dove to incubate the eggs. They usually leave the nest at around 4 to 6 weeks of age.

Tips for caring for Dove eggs

There are a few important considerations if you ever possess dove eggs.

  • First, ensure the eggs are always in an environment with stable heat and humidity. This may be done in a store-bought incubator or with a homemade one made from a cardboard box and a heating pad.
  • Second, turning the eggs regularly will help keep the temperature consistent and prevent the growing chicks from sticking to the shell.
  • Third, you must ensure the eggs are clean and devoid of germs or other toxins. A moist towel may be used to gently wipe the eggs.
  • Lastly, when the eggs have been fertilized and the chicks have hatched, it is crucial to provide them with healthy food. Baby bird formula may be purchased at a pet store, or you can make your own from various fruits, vegetables, and insects. It is also crucial to keep the area the chicks are in clean and provide them with enough clean water.

how many eggs does a dove lay
how many eggs does a dove lay

Breeding Season of Doves

The breeding season might begin at different times depending on the kind of dove and its geographic range. Throughout most cases, doves breed in the spring and summer; however, certain species have numerous yearly breeding periods. Food availability and general breeding circumstances might affect the precise mating time and egg-laying. Doves, for instance, may increase their egg-laying in regions with plenty of food and mild temperatures. Additionally, not all doves will produce eggs every year. This is particularly true if the dove is not in excellent health or if the weather is not conducive to egg-laying.

Breeding habits of doves

Doves are monogamous, unlike many other bird species. They breed year-round but primarily in spring and summer. Doves court before mating. This practice includes cooing, bowing, and food exchange.

After mating, the female dove builds a nest of twigs, grasses, and other materials, then lines it with feathers or soft plant material. It nests in trees, shrubs, or cliffs. The female will lay her eggs in the nest and care for them for two weeks. Each parent feeds and tends to the chicks.

Altricial chicks are born without feathers and depend on their parents for survival and warmth. Young birds may fly in a few weeks once their flight feathers mature. Fledging occurs between 4 and 6 weeks.

Factors affecting the number of eggs that lay

Following are some of the key factors that may affect the number of eggs laid:

  • Age of the dove
  • The health of the dove
  • Availability of food
  • Breeding conditions (e.g., weather)
  • Stress levels
  • Previous breeding experience
  • Genetics

Doves’ egg production may be affected by various environmental and anthropogenic variables. For instance, younger doves may not be as productive a nester as their more seasoned counterparts. Doves that are sick or stressed may also lay fewer eggs than their healthy counterparts. Environmental and dietary variables may also influence Dove egg production. Doves, for instance, may increase their egg-laying in regions with plenty of food and mild temperatures.

Incubation process for dove eggs

The male and female doves contribute to the incubation process by taking turns sitting on the eggs to keep them warm and safe from predators. It takes roughly two weeks of incubation for the eggs to hatch. Doves flip their eggs often throughout this period to ensure they are warmed uniformly.

The newborns are altricial, which means they lack feathers at birth and rely entirely on their parents for survival. Their parents’ regurgitated food feeds babies. In only a few short weeks, the young birds can take flight thanks to the development of their flying feathers. Between four and six weeks of age is the typical time of fledging.

Characteristics and Habitat

Doves vary from tiny to larger and may be found in various settings, from woods to grasslands to cities. They have short, slender bodies and pointed tails and are famous for their unique cooing calls. Doves are easily recognizable by their small size and round, plump heads. Hues of brown, gray, and white predominate among these drab creatures. Doves may come in various colors, and some species may even have bright patterns on their wings or tails. Seeds, fruits, and insects make up the bulk of a dove’s diet.


In conclusion, doves are monogamous birds that mate for life and typically lay two eggs in a single clutch. Male and female doves nurture the eggs for two weeks before they hatch. Age and health might impact a dove’s annual egg production. Squabs are altricial as soon as they hatch, meaning they need their parents. We hope this information has sparked your interest in learning more about the fascinating world of doves.

Few related FAQs you may look upon

How frequently do doves mate?

Doves mate in spring and summer. However, they could experience several mating seasons a year. Mating and egg-laying times vary by species and location. The female dove will lay one or two eggs every several months. Incubation takes two weeks. Each parent feeds and tends to the young.

How to tell if a dove egg is fertile?

Using a strong light, or “candling,” you can determine whether a dove egg is fertile. In candling, the egg is held to a strong light source like a flashlight to reveal its contents. Veins and the general shape of the growing embryo within the egg should be seen if the egg is fertile. A non-fertile egg will seem hollow when seen under a microscope.

How long does a dove sit on its eggs?

In the wild, the average incubation period for dove eggs is about two weeks. The male and the female dove will both take turns sitting on their clutch of eggs to keep them warm and sheltered, and they will continue to care for their young for weeks after they have hatched. How long a certain dove species will incubate its eggs depends on the dove species and environmental factors.

Can I incubate and hatch dove eggs at home?

The answer is yes; you can incubate and hatch dove eggs at home. Before doing this with doves, you should have prior experience with incubation and hatching eggs since it may be difficult to provide the necessary circumstances for the eggs to grow properly.

What do I need to incubate and hatch dove eggs at home?

Dove eggs may be incubated and hatched in a home incubator, but it must be made for that purpose. The incubator should feature a spinning mechanism to ensure that the eggs grow in a uniform environment and a consistent temperature and humidity level. You’ll also need fresh, fertile dove eggs and a brooder box or other container for the hatchlings after they hatch from the eggs.

How do I care for dove hatchlings?

Young doves should be kept warm, dry, and well-fed. A brooder box or other cage big enough for hatchlings to move around and spread their wings is required. In addition, you must provide them with commercial dove starter feed or cooked grains and seeds. To maintain the hatchlings’ water clean and healthy, it should be replaced often.

John Lewis

Leave a Comment