South Dakota Hunting Seasons 2023-2024 New Dates & Rules

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Are you a hunter looking forward to the 2023-2024 season? Get ready for a great hunting season in the beautiful state of South Dakota! It has some of the best hunting opportunities in the United States. This article will provide an overview of the South Dakota hunting season for 2023-2024, including information about game species, regulations, and licenses.

South Dakota hunting seasons

South Dakota’s 2023-2024 hunting seasons will vary by species and location. You may also check the season durations and bag restrictions from the Game, Fish, and Parks website or hunting manual. Archery deer season in South Dakota lasts from September to February, while muzzleloader and modern rifle seasons are between October and December. Special youth hunting seasons, antlerless-only hunts on private land, and other restrictions may be in force in some hunting zones.

South Dakota Hunting Seasons
South Dakota Hunting Seasons: Photo Credit-unsplash.com/ryanchesterphillips

Antelope Seasons

SD Antelope SeasonsHunting Season
Resident Archery (Season closed during firearms season)Aug 19, 2023
End: Oct 31, 2023
Firearms SeasonSep 30, 2023
End: Oct 15, 2023
Landowner SeasonSep 30, 2023
End: Oct 15, 2023
Mentored Firearms SeasonSep 30, 2023
End: Oct 15, 2023
Nonresident Archery Public/Private Land (Season closed during firearms season)Aug 19, 2023
End: Oct 31, 2023
Nonresident Archery Private Land Only (Season closed during firearms season)Aug 19, 2023
End: Oct 31, 2023

Badger Season

SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Badger Season1-Jan31-Dec

Beaver Season

Beaver SeasonHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Statewide1-Jan31-Mar
Black Hills - USFS land within BH Fire Protection District1-Jan31-Mar
Black Hills - Non-U.S. Forest Service land within the BH Fire Protection District 1-Nov30-Apr

Bison Seasons

Bison SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Mountain Goat (Black Hills)1-Sep31-Dec

Bobcat Seasons

SD Bobcat SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
West River26-Dec15-Feb
East River26-Dec15-Feb
Nonresidents14-Jan15-Feb

Coyote Seasons

South Dakota Coyote SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End DateNote
Coyote1-Jan31-DecTher is no limit and shooting hours unrestricted.

Crane Seasons

South Dakota Crane SeasonHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End DateNote
Sandhill Crane23-Sep19-NovStatewide

Crow Seasons

SeasonHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End DateNote
Crow1-Mar30-AprStatewide

Deer Seasons

South Dakota Deer SeasonsHunting Season
Resident ArcherySep 1, 2023
End: Jan 1, 2024
Archery Antlerless Only WhitetailSep 1, 2023
End: Jan 1, 2024
West River Special BuckNov 11, 2023
End: Nov 26, 2023
East River Special BuckNov 18, 2023
End: Dec 3, 2023
MuzzleloaderDec 1, 2023
End: Jan 1, 2024
Apprentice and MentoredSep 9, 2023
End: Jan 1, 2024
Black HillsNov 1, 2023
End: Nov 30, 2023
West RiverNov 11, 2023
End: Nov 26, 2023
East RiverNov 18, 2023
End: Dec 3, 2023
East & West River AntlerlessDec 9, 2023
End: Dec 17, 2023
West River LandownerNov 11, 2023
End: Nov 26, 2023
East River LandownerNov 18, 2023
End: Dec 3, 2023
Custer State ParkNov 1, 2023
End: Dec 15, 2023
Muzzleloader Antlerless Only WhitetailDec 1, 2023
End: Jan 1, 2024
Nonresident Archery Private Land OnlyAug 19, 2023
End: Oct 31, 2023
Nonresident Archery Public LandOct 1, 2023
End: Jan 1, 2024

Elk Seasons

South Dakota Elk SeasonsHunting Season
Black Hills FirearmOct 1, 2023
End: Dec 31, 2023
ArcherySep 1, 2023
End: Sep 30, 2023
PrairieTBC
Custer State Park FirearmsOct 1, 2023
End: Oct 31, 2023
Custer State Park ArcherySep 1, 2023
End: Sep 30, 2023

Dove Seasons

Dove SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Mourning Dove1-Sep9-Nov

Duck Seasons

SD Duck SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Duck (Youth Only)9-Sep10-Sep
Duck (Low Plains North)23-Sep5-Dec
Duck (Low Plains Middle)23-Sep5-Dec
Duck (High Plains)14-Oct18-Jan
Duck (Low Plains South)28-Oct9-Jan

Fox Season

SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Fox Season1-Jan31-Dec

Goat Season

SeasonHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Mountain Goat (Black Hills)1-Sep31-Dec

Goose Seasons

South Dakota Goose SeasonsHunting Season
Canada Goose - Unit 2Oct 31, 2022
End: Feb 12, 2023
Light Goose Conservation OrderFeb 13, 2023
End: May 15, 2023
Canada Goose - Bennett CountyOct 21, 2023
End: Dec 21, 2023
Canada Goose - Unit 1Sep 1, 2023
End: Dec 16, 2023
Canada Goose - Unit 2Start: Nov 6, 2023
End: Feb 18, 2024
Canada Goose - Unit 3Jan 13, 2024
End: Jan 21, 2024
White-fronted Goose SeasonSep 30, 2023
End: Dec 12, 2023

Gopher Season

SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Gopher Season1-Jan31-Dec

Grouse Seasons

SD Grouse SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Grouse (Sharp-tailed, prairie chicken, and ruffed grouse)Saturday, September 16, 2023Sunday, January 07, 2024

Jackrabbit Season

SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Jackrabbit1-Jan31-Dec

Marmot Season

SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Marmot Season1-Jan31-Dec

Mink and Weasel Season

SD Mink and Weasel SeasonHunting Season
ResidentNov 1, 2023
End: Jan 31, 2024
NonresidentDec 1, 2023
End: Jan 31, 2024

Mountain Lion Seasons

SD Mountain Lion SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End DateNote
Mountain Lion (Custer State Park)26-Dec30-Apraccess permit needed.
Mountain Lion (Black Hills)26-Dec30-Apr
Mountain Lion (Statewide)26-Dec25-DecFor further information on bag restrictions and regions, see the rules on https://gfp.sd.gov/

Muskrat Season

SD Muskrat SeasonsHunting Season
Trapping Season - West RiverJan 1, 2023
End: Dec 31, 2023
Trapping Season - Black Hills Fire Protection DistrictNov 1, 2023
End: Apr 30, 2024
Trapping Season - East RiverNov 1, 2022
End: Apr 30, 2023
Shooting Season - StatewideApr 1, 2023
End: Aug 31, 2023
NonresidentsDec 1, 2022
End: Mar 15, 2023

Opossum Season

SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Opossum Season1-Jan31-Dec

Pheasant Seasons

South Dakota Pheasant SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End DateNote
Pheasant (Youth Only)30-Sep8-Oct(Possession limit: 3 Roosters.)
Pheasant (Resident Only)14-Oct16-Oct(Daily limit: 3 Roosters.)
Pheasant (Traditional)21-Oct31-Jan(Daily limit: 3 roosters)

Porcupine Season

SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Porcupine Season1-Jan31-Dec

Quail Seasons

SD Quail SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End DateNote
Quail21-Oct7-JanStatewide

Rabbit Seasons

SD Rabbit SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End DateNote
Cottontail Rabbit1-Sep29-FebStatewide

Raccoon Season

Raccoon SeasonHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Residents1-Jan31-Dec
Nonresidents1-Dec15-Mar

Sheep Season

SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Bighorn Sheep (Black Hills)1-Sep31-Dec

Skunk Season

SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Skunk Season1-Jan31-Dec

Snipe Season

SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Common Snipe Season1-Sep31-Oct

Squirrel Season

SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Tree Squirrel Season1-Sep29-Feb
Ground Squirrel1-Jan31-Dec

Swan Seasons

Swan SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Tundra Swan Season30-Sep12-Jan

Turkey Seasons

South Dakota Turkey SeasonsHunting Season
PrairieApr 8, 2023
End: May 31, 2023
Spring Mentored ArcheryApr 8, 2023
End: May 31, 2023
Spring Mentored FirearmsApr 8, 2023
End: May 31, 2023
Fall MentoredNov 1, 2023
End: Jan 31, 2024
Adams Nature Area and Good Earth State Park Access Archery PermitApr 8, 2023
End: May 31, 2023
Spring Custer State ParkApr 22, 2023
End: May 21, 2023
Spring ArcheryApr 8, 2023
End: May 31, 2023
Spring Black HillsApr 22, 2023
End: May 31, 2023
Turkey Season - Fall Nov 1, 2023
End: Jan 31, 2024

Upland Birds Seasons

South Dakota Upland Birds SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End DateNote
Gray Partridge & Chukar16-Sep7-JanStatewide

SC Youth Waterfowl Seasons

SD Youth Waterfowl SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End DateNote
Duck Season - Youth Only9-Sep10-SepSimilar to the normal duck season limitations, which also apply to mergansers and coots. (Possession- Twice daily limit)

Nonresident Waterfowl Seasons

South Dakota Non-resident Waterfowl SeasonsHunting Season-Start DateHunting Season-End Date
Canada Goose (September Nonresident)1-Sep30-Sep
Youth Waterfowl (Nonresident)11-Sep12-Sep
Tundra Swan Season (Nonresident)1-Oct6-Jan
Canada Goose (Bennett County, Nonresident)15-Oct18-Dec

Hunting License Fees

SD Resident hunting and trapping license fees

Type of LicenseFees
Resident (Small Game)$33*
Resident (1-Day Small Game)$12*
Resident (Youth Small Game-ages 12-17)$5*
Resident (Migratory Bird Certification)$5
Resident (Furbearer)$30
Resident (Predator/Varmint)$5*

*The fee includes a $6 state-mandated extra. The funds raised by this fee will be used to fund hunting access & wildlife damage control activities.

SD Non-Resident hunting and trapping license fees

Type of License Fee Note
Nonresident (Small Game)$121*(10-days, 2 5-day periods)
Nonresident (Youth Small Game)$10*(10-days, 2 5-day periods)(ages 12-17)
Nonresident (Shooting Preserve)$46*One Day
Nonresident (Shooting Preserve)$76*Five-Day
Nonresident (Shooting Preserve)$121*Season-Long
Nonresident (Spring Light Goose - Adult)$50*
Nonresident (Spring Light Goose - Youth)$26*(ages 12-17)
Nonresident (Predator/Varmint)$40
Nonresident (Furbearer)$275

SD General Hunting Regulations

  • A valid big-game hunting license must always be carried.
  • The hunter must always carry their license and tag with them.
  • You may use the top portion of your big game license until January 31, 2023.
  • Lawful game animals include turkeys, deer, and deer without antlers.
  • When transferring a big game animal, the tag must be signed, dated, and affixed to the animal.
  • The tag may be used to transport and maintain the animal securely.
  • Unless the animal has been processed or cooked for human food, the tag or certain body pieces must go with it.
  • Before shipping a wild turkey, certain parts or a processing receipt must be provided.
  • South Dakota Game, Fish, and Parks may answer questions.
  • Joining or assisting a large game hunter without a valid license is illegal (exceptions for legally carrying a pistol or hunting a small game apply).
  • No minor under 16 should hunt without a chaperone (except for legally carrying a pistol or possessing a big game license application).
  • When hunting big game, fully automatic firearms or self-loading or auto-loading rifles containing more than six bullets are banned.
  • Deer and antelope may only be hunted with rifles and shotguns rated at least 1,000 foot-pounds and pistols rated at least 500 foot-pounds (only soft-point or expanding bullets allowed).
  • Elk hunting requires a.243 rifles with at least 1,700 foot-pounds of muzzle force (only soft point or expanding bullets allowed).
  • Handguns or shoulder-mounted weapons with at least 500 foot-pounds of muzzle energy may be used to hunt turkeys (muzzleloading firearms of at least .44 caliber and muzzleloading shotguns also allowed).
  • Muzzleloading-only seasons ban telescopic sights and require long firearms.
  • 44-caliber rifles and 50-caliber handguns are authorized.
  • Outside of archery and muzzleloading seasons, any authorized weapon, muzzleloading firearm, or archery equipment may be used, and crossbows may replace firearms (must have a pull of at least 120 pounds and mechanical safety, and telescopic sights are permitted).
  • The large game license is a two-part document with a tag and the licensee’s personal information. Hunting licenses and tags are always required.
  • All deer, elk, female and adolescent antelope, and male and female turkeys are permissible games.
  • Before taking a big game animal to a road, hunting camp, farmyard, home, or vehicle, the license tag must be signed, dated, and secured to the animal.
  • Non-licensed big game hunters accompanying licensed hunters must also follow certain restrictions, such as carrying the maximum number of rifles.
  • South Dakota law requires a deer or antelope rifle to have at least 1,000 foot-pounds of muzzle energy, while an elk rifle must have at least 1,700 foot-pounds and be at least.243 caliber. You need a rifle with 700 foot-pounds of muzzle power or a.44-caliber muzzleloader to bag a gobbler.
  • For a bow-hunting big game, you can’t utilize explosive points, crossbows, electronic arrow releases, or telescopic sights.
  • South Dakota law forbids putting up, utilizing, or maintaining bait stations to attract large game, employing dogs on hunts, hunting on interstates or controlled-access facilities, firing weapons inside the right-of-way of an upgraded public roadway, etc.
  • It’s illegal to chase, harass, intercept, or disturb big animals while driving.
  • It’s illegal to use a mobile phone or another electronic device when hunting big animals in a vehicle.
  • Moving vehicles can’t fire guns or bows (except for hunters with Disabled Hunter permits, who can hunt coyotes, jackrabbits, rodents, skunks, badgers, raccoons, and foxes).
  • Sticking a gun out the window to shoot coyotes, jackrabbits, rats, skunks, badgers, raccoons, or foxes is lawful.
  • Except for specific roads and parking spots, operating a motorized vehicle on Game, Fish, and Parks property or leased land is illegal without the manager’s or lessee’s written permission.
  • Without authorization, it’s illegal to fire down wild birds or animals from an airplane.
  • Aerial hunting, taking, concentrating, driving, rallying, stirring up, locating, or spotting any wild bird or animal is prohibited, except for using a drone to locate or scout a predator or varmint on privately owned land with permission from the landowner or lessee outside of September, October, and November.
  • Use, hunting, or shooting from a motorized boat is illegal unless the vessel is beached, at anchor, tethered to a permanent hunting blind or natural cover, or used to collect fallen animals.
  • On Commissioner of School and Public Lands land, motorized hunting, fishing, and trapping are forbidden unless done on roads, trails, or parking spots properly designated by Game, Fish, and Parks.

Fines & Penalties

Please find below a table outlining the possible penalties for Class 1 violations committed when hunting big game in South Dakota:

OffensePenalty
Unlawful taking or killing of large gameFines and/or jail time, loss of hunting rights for one year
Possession of twice the authorized daily or possession limit of a controlled wild animalPotential civil liability doubles
Stealing large game trophiesLoss of points of preference
Unlawful taking or killing a Mountain goat or bighorn sheepUp to $10,000 per animal
Unlawful taking or killing a TurkeyUp to $200 each

Contacts

ContactInformation
AddressSOUTH DAKOTA GAME, FISH AND PARKS
523 East Capitol Ave, Pierre, SD 57501
Phone605-223-7660
EmailWildInfo@state.sd.us

FAQ related to SD Hunting Seasons

Can I save my license on my phone or app for hunting or trapping in SD?

Small game licenses for South Dakota may be kept on a mobile device or app. You may download the GFP mobile app and connect to the licensing system, or you can take a picture of the paper license and save it in your phone’s gallery. If the license contains a bar code, GFP conservation officers may scan it remotely, removing the need to carry a backup. The license may also be carried in written form. Fishing licenses, federal stamps, and tags won’t be impacted, but hunting licenses, federal stamps, and tags are still required.

What's the cost of a South Dakota Combination license for adults?

Adults in South Dakota over 18 can hunt small game like pheasants, grouse, partridge, quail, cottontail rabbits, and tree squirrels for a fee of $55. The list of creatures that may be lawfully hunted by hunters with this license includes coyotes, foxes, skunks, raccoons, badgers, prairie dogs, ground squirrels, ravens, jackrabbits, porcupines, and marmots. However, this license does not apply to hunting furbearers. Anyone 65 or older can obtain a Senior Combination License, which grants the same rights as a regular driver’s license.

How much is a South Dakota Senior Resident Combination license?

A Senior Combination License, available to South Dakotans 65 and over for $40, allows for hunting frogs, turtles, cottontail rabbits, tree squirrels, pheasants, and grouse, partridges, quail, and cottontail rabbits. Additionally, coyotes, foxes, skunks, raccoons, badgers, prairie dogs, ground squirrels, ravens, jackrabbits, porcupines, and marmots can all be legally hunted by license holders. However, this license does not cover hunting for furbearers.

Who qualifies for the Resident Reduced Fee?

For anyone with complete disabilities or veterans who satisfy certain requirements, South Dakota grants a Disabled/Veteran Hunting and Fishing Card. Discounts are offered for hunting and fishing in South Dakota with the $10, 4-year card. Families of disabled and seasoned hunters and fishermen may also use this card.

Dates & Regulations Source: GFP South Dakota

John Lewis

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